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Kerry to Join Iran Nuke Talks in Vienna11/20 06:12

   U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry will travel to Vienna later Thursday to 
join high-level nuclear negotiations with Iran as a deadline for an agreement 
fast approaches.

   PARIS (AP) -- U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry will travel to Vienna later 
Thursday to join high-level nuclear negotiations with Iran as a deadline for an 
agreement fast approaches.

   State Department spokeswoman Jen Psaki said Kerry would be going to the 
Austrian capital from Paris to "check in" on the talks. It was not yet 
determined how long he would stay in Vienna, leaving open the possibility that 
he might not remain until Monday's deadline for a deal. Kerry is to meet with 
the U.S. negotiating team in Vienna late Thursday before scheduling meetings 
with other participants.

   Kerry had been expected to join the Vienna negotiations, but the timing of 
his arrival at the talks had been uncertain until shortly after he arrived in 
Paris for talks with the Saudi and French foreign ministers after two days of 
similar meetings in London with his British and Omani counterparts. Kerry is to 
hold a news conference in Paris after seeing French Foreign Minister Laurent 
Fabius and before departing for Vienna.

   With Monday's deadline for a deal looming, Kerry has embarked on a frenzy of 
high-stakes diplomacy in a last-minute push to secure an agreement --- or at 
least prevent the process from collapsing after talks were already extended 

   Senior negotiators in Vienna have spent three days racing against the clock 
to forge a pact over the next five days that would prevent Iran from reaching 
the capability to produce atomic weapons.

   Despite Kerry's efforts, though, signs increasingly pointed to the Nov. 24 
deadline passing without a deal and the negotiations being extended a second 

   In London on Tuesday and Wednesday, Kerry met with Foreign Minister Yusuf 
bin Alawi of Oman, a key bridge between Washington and Tehran, a senior U.S. 
official said. Bin Alawi was in Tehran last weekend.

   Oman is not party to the negotiations among Iran, the U.S., Britain, China, 
France, Russia, the European Union and Germany. But it is unique among the Gulf 
Arab states for the close ties it maintains with Iran, having hosted high-level 
nuclear talks earlier this month and served as the site of secret U.S.-Iranian 
gatherings dating back to 2012. Those earlier discussions laid the groundwork 
for an interim nuclear agreement reached a year ago, which the so-called P5+1 
countries now hope to cement with a comprehensive accord in Vienna.

   In Washington on Wednesday, President Barack Obama's nominee to be Kerry's 
deputy at the State Department said he believed it would be difficult to meet 
the deadline.

   "It's not impossible," said Tony Blinken, currently Obama's deputy national 
security adviser. "It depends entirely on whether Iran is willing to take steps 
it must take to convince us, to convince our partners that its program would be 
for entirely peaceful purposes. As we speak, we're not there."

   Peter Wittig, Germany's ambassador to the U.S., wouldn't rule out an 
extension and said a nuclear deal could lead to better relations between Iran 
and world powers on regional crises in Syria and Lebanon.

   "If these negotiations fail, there won't be any winners," Wittig told 
reporters in Washington.

   Kerry's meetings with Fabius and Saudi Foreign Minister Saud al-Faisal are 
considered critical because French objections last year delayed the adoption of 
an interim agreement by several weeks, and Saudi Arabia remains deeply 
concerned about the potential for its archrival Iran to win concessions from 
the West.

   The Obama administration also is trying to satisfy the concerns of 
Republican and many Democratic lawmakers at home.

   Republican senators sent a letter to the White House on Wednesday urging the 
administration against trying to circumvent Congress in any deal with Iran. 
"Unless the White House genuinely engages with Congress, we see no way that any 
agreement consisting of your administration's current proposals to Iran will 
endure," said the letter, which was signed by all 45 Senate Republicans.

   In a twist, many in Congress who previously opposed further extensions of 
talks with Iran now see that route as a preferable to an agreement that doesn't 
do enough to cut off possible Iranian pathways toward a nuclear bomb.

   Republicans in particular want more time so they can attempt to pass new 
sanctions legislation that would pressure Iran into greater concessions. Their 
plan is to bring up a package of conditional penalties after January, when they 
take the Senate majority, according to GOP Senate aides who weren't authorized 
to speak publicly on the matter and demanded anonymity.

   Some Democrats are on board with that effort, though Obama has threatened to 
veto any new sanctions threatening the diplomacy.

   Even Israel, which has been among the most hostile to the West's diplomatic 
overtures toward Tehran, is suggesting it is amenable to an extension. The 
option would allow time for a better agreement to be negotiated through 
additional economic sanctions on Iran, a senior Israeli official said.


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